Nepali Calendar, also known as Bikram Samwat (BS) calendar, is the historical Hindu calendar. It is used as the official calendar in Nepal, and to perform religious ceremonies in India. In this system, Lunar months and solar sidereal years are considered for calendar keeping.
Historically speaking, it is said that King Vikramaditya, the ruler of Ujjain, currently in Madhya Pradesh in India, established Bikram Samwat. He did so after defeating the Eurasian nomads, popularly known as Sakas or Scythians. The Ranas, however, was responsible for making Bikram Samwat the official Nepali Calendar. They did so in the year 1901 AD (Gregorian Calendar)/ 1958 BS (Nepali Calendar)
Differences between Nepali Calendar and Gregorian Calendar
The main difference in the Gregorian and Nepali Calendar is that in the former one, all festivals and rituals occur on the same date every year, whereas in the latter one, they appear on different dates each year. This difference is caused due to the different methods each calendar system uses to adjust the lunar cycle, 364 days of lunar months. The Gregorian system simply adds a couple of days each year to the calendar for adjustment, while the Nepalese system adds an entire month to the calendar, at the end of every 4 years.
While the number of months in both calendars is same, their names are different. The months in Gregorian Calendar are January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December, the months in Nepali Calendar are Baisakh, Jestha, Asadh, Shrawan, Bhadra, Ashoj, Kartik, Mangsir, Poush, Magh, Falgun and Chaitra.
Nepali Calendar is 56.7 years ahead that Gregorian Calendar. So, while in Gregorian, it’s Nepali Calendar 2018, in Bikram Samwat, it’s Nepali Calendar 2075. Also, the year in Gregorian Calendar starts in January, which is mid-winter season, whereas in Nepali Calendar, it starts in Baisakh, which is the end of spring. For comparison purpose, the month of Baisakh starts on mid-April and ends on mid-May.
The Online Nepali Calendar
Nepali Calendar is available online on various platforms. One can either download it in the form of pdf or image files, or they can download Nepali Calendar apps. The calendars available online are mostly reliable, with all the festivals, local and international, mentioned. For instance, Nepali Calendar 2075 Tihar. Nepali Calendar also mentions the dates, months and year of the Gregorian Calendar, so that the user can convert the current dates, and keep up with the international system.
Apart from mentioning accurate dates, the Nepali Calendar websites have listings of propitious days for conducting events such as marriages, naming ceremonies, funerals, and other religious procedures. They also have features like Nepali Calendar converter tools, to convert historical Gregorian dates in Nepali and vice versa. Quite a few of them also has Unicode attributes, which allows you to write in Devanagari (Nepali) script, even when you can’t type using Nepali fonts
You could either visit one of these sites or look for an app in either Windows Store, Google Play Store or Apple Store for Nepali Calendar download. You’re sure to get something extra and useful when you go for Nepali Calendar download, for the new Nepali Calendar 2076.